Every year on May 1, International Labour Day is observed to honour the struggles and sacrifices made by the labour and worker movements. It’s also referred to as May Day.
The beginnings of Labour Day may be found in the late 19th century, when workers all over the world started to call for more favourable working conditions, fair pay, and shorter hours.
Over 80 nations, including China, Cuba, and India, observe International Labour Day. On this day, protests are held all around the world to support working-class rights and safeguard them against exploitation.
Labour Day was first observed in America in the 19th century. Chicago workers launched a walkout on May 1st, 1886, to demand an eight-hour workday. However, after a bomb went off at a labor rally in Haymarket Square, workers across the US banded together to demand their rights and fight for better working conditions.
The International Congress of Socialist Parties, which convened in Paris in 1889, resolved to establish May 1 as Labor Day or Worker’s Day.
Connection to India
On May 1, 1923, Chennai, India, hosted the country’s inaugural Labour Day celebration. The Labour Kisan Party of Hindustan was responsible for planning the first May Day festivities. Comrade Singaravelar, the party’s head, organized two meetings to mark the event.
In the many Indian states, Labor Day is observed under many different titles, with May Day being the most widely used. Hindi’s Kamgar Din, Kannada’s Karmikara Dinacharane, Telugu’s Karmika Dinotsavam, Marathi’s Kamgar Divas, Tamil’s Uzhaipalar Dhinam, Malayalam’s Thozhilaali Dinam, and Bengali’s Shromik Dibosh are all names for Labour Day.
Workers’ rights awareness and protection against exploitation are the main goals of Labour Day celebrations around the world. Additionally, it serves as a reminder of the significant part the working class has played in our society.